The Timber frame or wooden frame system is among the most common for building construction with one or multi floors. The system consists of walls and floors made up of wooden elements of small section. These elements are placed at a distance of 40-60 cm between them. Structural wood panels are attached to one or both sides of these elements, using nails or screws of a small diameter. The walls and floors thus created are attached to each other and to the foundation with metal angular plates, bolts, screws and nails.
Insulation inside the frame completes the construction package of the walls. The insulating layer placed inside can take all the thickness. In this case, the technological systems are laid inside the insulation. La Foca produces a structure composed of layered elements, where each material is strictly eco-compatible and free from harmful emissions. Furthermore, the cutting-edge technologies reflect new regulations concerning seismic safety, guaranteeing complete stability of the structure.
ADVANTAGES OF TIMBER FRAME
The frame structure is generally more flexible, with great freedom in modifications, even during assembling in construction site. The frame technique is the most ecological currently used, with less material utilized, which, means less waste. Less wood and less glue is used in the wooden frame house. Its production (of the house), therefore, consumes less primary energy. The wood used is FSC certified (organization established to promote the responsible management of the world’s forests. The FSC does this by setting standards on forest products, along with certifying and labeling them as eco-friendly.)
The insulation inside the frame gives an additional advantage that result in a significant reduction in the thickness of the finished wall and thereafter an increase in usable space. The earthquake-resistant data of the frame wall is excellent thanks to the lightness of the material compared to a masonry or reinforced concrete. Wood, being an excellent structural material characterized by high relationships between strength and density, is subject to reduced seismic accelerations. Timber also enjoys an excellent ductility that guarantees the possibility of energy dissipation of cyclical actions because of the seismic event.
- THERMAL INSULATION: Thanks to the insulation inside the load-bearing structure, the frame wall manages to have an excellent performance obtaining a high thermal insulation, with consequent energy saving.
- ABSENCE OF THERMAL BRIDGES: The outer coat applied uniformly on all the perimeter walls does not allow appearing thermal bridges, avoiding the annoying formation of mold and condensation in the structures. In this case, the airtightness of the coating will be of fundamental importance, especially during the walls’ assembling on the construction site, so that the internal air of the dwelling does not come into direct contact with the external one thus avoiding interstitial condensation phenomena.
- TRANSPIRATION: the very dense surface of the frame wall allows a slow transmigration of humidity towards the outside of possible water vapor accumulations through the wooden frame.
- ACOUSTIC INSULATION: thanks to the inherent porosity of the wood, the frame walls offer excellent acoustic insulation, making it the ideal material for the construction of residential buildings.
thanks to the timber frame technology structures (walls, floors, roofs, etc.) with technological plants coming already installed in the walls, and the walls finished from inside, make it possible to bring construction time to a minimum on the market allowing to deliver a finished building (turnkey) in 4-6 months.
- Houses over 4 floors
- Extensions of existing building
- Adding extra floors to existing building