Wooden buildings can be a valid alternative to traditional masonry or reinforced concrete construction. In fact, if properly designed, they have numerous advantages such as speed of construction, stability, sustainability and energy saving.

Wooden buildings: the legislation

Like all new buildings, whatever the building system used, the wooden buildings must meet the health and sanitary standards and passive acoustic requirements laid down by the building codes in progress. In the construction of a wooden building, it is necessary to respect the technical standards to ensure adequate static (and anti-seismic) resistance. Parameters relating to fire regulations must also be respected, depending on the type of building. Finally, the management of the work on the construction site has to follow the necessary required safety and securityprocedures.

Building in wood: advantages

One of the main advantages in the construction of prefabricated wooden buildings is the reduction in construction time. A wooden building, even multi-story, is relatively simple, fast and inexpensive. Since wood is a light material, each element is easily transportable and can be handled on site; moreover the assembly, carried out entirely in dry way by using mechanical connections with steel plates, screws, nails and bolts, is extremely fast.

In addition, the absence of water and inert materials on site allows keeping the work environment clean and tidy and enables better organization through various processing phases. In terms of work safety, the shorter construction time has less possibility of accidents occurring.

Concerning sustainability, wood is a renewable and recyclable material, it consumes very little energy in production and assembling phases, does not release emissions, powders or harmful fibers during processing and can be disposed of without polluting, returning the accumulated energy if it is used for waste-to-energy process.

On the energy-saving front, wood, is an excellent thermal and good acoustic insulator by nature. In addition, use of natural or biocompatible materials for the insulation package of a house panel contributes to improved breathability. Wood structures have excellent resistance to seismic actions and predictable fire behavior. However, attention must be paid to the degradation of wood, though, it is sufficient to choose suitable wood durability classes, such as wood C24 (with structural wood certification) used by La Foca, which make it to all effects a durable material over time.